In a power point  presentation to the ARACY Conference, ‘Making Prevention Work’ (2009),  Dr Lance Emerson (CEO ARACY), and Pam Muth (Allen Consulting Group), described the antecedents of complex problems affecting children and young people beginning with societal values and how we individually and as a community value children,  because this directly impacts on attitudes and behaviours towards children, which directly impacts on programs and policies.